Pendekatan Budaya Islam di Madrasah melalui Pengenalan Ilmuan Muslim al-Khazani dengan Konsep Tekanan Udara pada Pembelajaran Fisika

Tiana Azmi Alawiyah


Muslim scientists create a lot of great works in the field of science but the findings of Muslims have not been applied by teachers in science learning in madrasah. One of these Muslim scholars was Al Khazini with his findings of air pressure, preceded the western scientist Blaise Pascal (1588-1651 AD). The purpose of this study to reveal that the work of Muslim scientists can be used as a source of science learning in madrasah to be culturally closer to Islam. The research method used is qualitative method by using historical approach of philosophy of science in Islamic perspective. Data were collected through literature study. The results showed that Al-Khazini is revealed about air pressure earlier than Pascal. These findings can be taught in madrasah through methods of sociologically anthropological demonstrations that close to madrasah culture.


Philosophy of Science; Air Pressure; Islamic School.

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Afdhilla, Zulfan. Biografi Al-Khazini (Pencetus Teori Gravitasi & Penemu Tekanan Udara). Juni 2014. (diakses Juni 10, 2017).

Godoy, Luis A. Structural Stability Concepts in Medieval and Renaissance Mechanics . Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures, 2011: 83- 105.

Handyani, Sri . Fisika 2 : Untuk SMA/MA Kelas XI. Jakarta: Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2009.

Khanikoff, The Chevalier N. Analysis and Extracts of The Balance of Wisdom an Arabic Work on the Water-Balance. Wikipedia. t.thn. (diakses Juni 10, 2017).

Siwanto , dan Sukaryadi. Kompetensi Fisika : Untuk SMA/MA Kelas XI. Jakarta: Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2009.


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