Fagin’s Criminal Thought in Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist

Rahmi Munfangati(1*), Desi Ramadhani(2)
(1) Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
(2) Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.24256/ideas.v8i1.1351


This research aims to reveal Fagin’s criminal thought in Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist and to examine the factors that influence Fagin’s criminal thought presented in the novel. This research is classified into library research. The subject of the research is Oliver Twist, Charles Dickens’ fiction novel. The novel is used as the primary source, while books, journals, and articles related to criminal thought theories in psychology were taken as the secondary source. A psychological approach is applied to analyze the data. The collected data were analyzed qualitatively. In analyzing the data, the researcher took five steps. The data were collected from reading and re-reading the text, identifying those that embody criminal thinking, categorizing them based on the objectives of the research, comparing them to the theoretical frameworks, and finally interpreting them using a psychological approach. After conducting the research, it can be drawn some conclusions; first, by seeing the eight aspects of criminal thought, Fagin has five aspects which are classified in the high category, and second, the factors that influence Fagin’s criminal thought reflected in the novel are societal and economic, neighbor-hood and local institutions, and drugs.


criminal thought, criminal thinking pattern, thought errors, psychological approach, Oliver Twist


Beck, J. S. (1995). Cognitive therapy: Basics and beyond. Guilford Press.

Dickens, C. (2017). Oliver Twist. Wordsworth Classic.

Ellis, L., & Walsh, A. (1999). Criminologists’ opinions about causes and theories of crime and delinquency. The Criminologist, 24(4), 1–4.

Garvin, L. M., & Goldstein, A. P. (1990). Criminal thinking patterns: The relationship between errors in thinking and antisocial behavior. The Mid-Year Conference of the American Psychology-Law Society, Williamsburg, VA.

Hoaglind, R. B. (1960). Learn world history. The Cambridge Library-Greystone Press.

Lea, J., & Young, J. (1993). What is to be done about law and order? Pluto Press.

Lindblom, S., Eriksson, L., & Hiltunen, A. J. (2018). Criminality, thinking patterns and treatment effects–evaluation of the Swedish cognitive intervention programme ‘new challenges’ targeting adult men with a criminal lifestyle. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, 19(2), 204–224. https://doi.org/10.1080/14043858.2018.1513202

Masruddin, M. (2018). Lessons in Old Man and the Sea. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 1(1). doi:https://doi.org/10.24256/ideas.v1i1.126.

Silalahi, N., Putri, A., Sianturi, I., & Chasanah, A. (2019). The Different Theories of Truth Three Brothers (Charles Sanders Peirce, William James And John Dewey). IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 7(2). doi:https://doi.org/10.24256/ideas.v7i2.1046

Subhan, B. (2015). A Guide to literary criticism. LPPDMF.

Sykes, G. M., & Matza, D. (1970). Techniques of delinquency. In M. F. Wolfgang, L. Savits, & N. Johnston (Eds.), The sociology of crime and delinquency (2nd ed., pp. 292–299). Wiley.

Thornberry, T. P., Lizotte, A. J., Krohn, M. D., Farnworth, M., & Jang, S. J. (2016). Testing interactional theory: An examination of reciprocal causal relationships among family, school, and delinquency. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 82(1), 3–35. https://doi.org/10.2307/1143788

Walters, G. D. (1990). The criminal lifestyle: Patterns of serious criminal conduct. SAGE Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781483325569

Walters, G. D. (1995a). The psychological inventory of criminal thinking styles, Part I: Reliability and Preliminary Validity. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 22(3), 307–325. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854895022003008

Walters, G. D. (1995b). The Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles, Part II: Identifying simulated response sets. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 22(4), 437–445. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854895022004007

Walters, G. D. (1996). The psychological inventory of criminal thinking styles, Part III: Predictive validity. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 40(2), 105–112. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624x96402003

Walters, G. D. (2002). Criminal belief systems: An integrated-interactive theory of lifestyles. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group.

Walters, G. D. (2007). The latent structure of the criminal lifestyle: A taxometric analysis of the lifestyle criminality screening form and psychological inventory of criminal thinking styles. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34(12), 1623–1637. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854807307028

Walters, G. D. (2012). Crime in a psychological context: From career criminals to criminal careers. Sage Publications, Inc.

Walters, G. D. (2014). Applying CBT to the criminal thought process. In R. C. Tafrate & D. Mitchell (Eds.), Forensic CBT: A handbook for clinical practice (pp. 104–121). John Wiley & Son Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118589878.ch6

Wellek, R., & Warren, A. (1949). Theory of literature. Harcourt, Brace.

Yochelson, S., & Samenow, S. E. (1976). The criminal personality: A profile for change (Vol. 1). Jason Aronson.

Article Statistic

Abstract view : 15 times
PDF views : 5 times

The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).

If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.

Fullscreen Fullscreen Off

Full Text: PDF

How To Cite This :


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Rahmi Munfangati, Desi Ramadhani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.