Conversational Strategies Used by Women Speakers in Same-Sex Communication: A Research on Noor Tagouri Podcast

Deadora Rahma Muthia(1), Didin Nuruddin Hidayat(2*), Alek Alek(3)
(1) UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
(2) UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
(3) UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.24256/ideas.v9i1.1735

Abstract

This article sought to explore women's language style through a regular conversation in a natural setting conducted by women speakers. Considering the potential of Podcast on Spotify as a means to gather the conversation discourse, the writers were fascinated by one of the Podcasts performed by an American journalist and activist named Noor Tagouri. She initiated and ran a program called The Process to disclose someone's struggle, unique costumes, and way of thinking behind his/her success. This Podcast was chosen in terms of personal and introspective topics developed by Tagouri and her guest, Lisa Ling, whose profession was also a journalist. Through personal and introspective ideas, the writers were able to identify women's linguistic features such as: minimal responses, hedges, tag questions, questions, commands and directives, swearing and taboo language, and compliments in order to build a cooperative environment. This article employed descriptive qualitative methods following the procedures proposed by Creswell   (2014): collecting the data, analyzing the data, and interpreting the data. From thirty-four minutes of conversation, the result indicated that the speakers frequently used the features of hedges (55%). Then, followed by Minimal response occurred (20%), questions (12%), compliment (8%), tag questions (5%), and commands, directives, swearing and taboos (0%). It can be concluded that the use of hedges was more widely used to maintain the flow of conversations which in line with turn-taking, courtesy, and mitigating miscommunication between speakers. 

Keywords


women’s linguistic features; same-sex communication; conversation interaction; women’s cooperative behavior

References


Rahmayani, F. (2020). Cross Cultural Pragmatics: Compliment Response Strategy Used on the British and Indonesian Talk show. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 8(2), 384-397. doi:https://doi.org/10.24256/ideas.v8i2.1541

Anggraini, R., & Ambalegin, A. (2020). The Refusal Speech Act in "Me Before You" Movie. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 8(2), 398-409. doi:https://doi.org/10.24256/ideas.v8i2.1565

Ambarwati, R., Nurkamto, J., & Santosa, R. (2019). Phatic and politeness on women’s communication in Facebook: Humanistic teaching perspective of being polite in social media. Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, 4(1), 95–108. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21093/ijeltal.v4i1.326

Badari, A., Setyowati, A., & Widisanti, N. M. (2019). An analysis of features and function in women’s speech in the talk show United Stated of Women Summit. Journal Albion, 1(1), 1–11.

Bennett, M., & Jarvis, J. (2010). The communicative function of minimal responses in everyday conversation. Journal of Social Psychology, 131(4), 519–523. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1991.9713882

Coates, J. (1996). Women talk: Conversation between women friends. Blackwell.

Coates, J. (2013). Women, men, and language (3rd ed.). Routledge.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design : Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks.

DeFrancisco, V. (1991). The sound of silence: How men silence women in marital relations. Discourse and Society, 2(4), 413–423.

Fishman, P. M. (1978). Interaction: The work women do. Social Problems. https://doi.org/10.2307/800492

Freed, A. F. (1994). The form and function of questions in informal dyadic conversation. Journal of Pragmatics, 21(6), 621–644. https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-2166(94)90101-5

Gee, J. P., & Handford, M. (2013). The Routledge handbook of discourse analysis. Routledge.

Holmes, J. (1984). Hedging your bets and sitting on the fence: some evidence for hedges as support structures. Te Reo.

Holmes, J. (1995). Women, men and politeness. Longman. https://doi.org/10.2307/416031

Holmes, J. (1998). Women’s talk: The question of Sociolinguistic universals. Australian Journal of Communication, 20(3), 125–149.

Indra, R. A., Marnita, R., & Ayumi, A. (2019). Linguistics features of three British female beauty Youtubers. Vivid Journal of Language and Literature, 7(1), 22–34. https://doi.org/10.25077/vj.7.1.22-34.2018

Jakobsson, S. (2010). A study of female language features in same - sex conversation. In Hogskoan I Gavle (Issue September).

Jesperson, O. (1922). Language: Its nature, development and origin. George Allen & Unwin.

Jumaa, A., Mohammed, T., Elfakki, M., & Hilal, H. (2019). A glance at face to face conversation system: With special reference to turn-taking strategies. International Journal of ELT, Linguistics and Comparative Literature, 7(5), 1–10.

Keshavarz, M. H., & Asit, G. (2020). Pragmatic features of the Speech Act of compliment in a Turkish TV drama. 02(01), 1–25. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.18326/jopr.v2i1.1-25

Krisdiyanta, N. (2019). Compliments in the educational institutions: Compliments among Indonesian students of English Department. International Journal of Humanities Studies, 3(1), 107–119. https://doi.org/10.24071/ijhs.2019.030110

Lakoff, R. (2004). Language and woman’s place: Text and commentaries - Robin Lakoff, Robin Tolmach Lakoff - Google Books. In New York.

Leaper, C. (2019). Young adults’ conversational strategies during negotiation and self-disclosure in same-gender and mixed-gender friendships. Sex Roles, 81(9), 561–575. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-019-1014-0

Macintyre, P. D. (2019). Anxiety/uncertainty management and communication accommodation in women’s brief dyadic conversations with a stranger: An idiodynamic approach. 9(3). https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244019861482

Makejeva, M. (2017). Hedging and politeness strategies used by native and non-native English speaking females in academic settings. Lithuanian University.

Namaziandost, E., & Shafiee, S. (2018). Gender differences in the use of Lexical hedges in academic spoken language among Iranian EFL learners: A comparative study. International Journal of Research in English Education, 3(4), 63–80. https://doi.org/10.29252/ijree.3.4.63

Norrick, N. R. (2012). Listening practices in English conversation: The responses responses elicit. Journal of Pragmatics, 44(5), 566–576. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2011.08.007

Oktapiani, T., Natsir, M., & Setyowati, R. (2017). Women’s language features found in female character’s utterances in the Devil Wears Prada movie. Jurnal Imu Budaya, 1(3), 207–220.

Pebrianti, A. (2013). Women’s language features used by Indonesian female bloggers. Passage, 1(2), 109–118.

Rahmawati, D., Citralesmana, E., & Indriyani, L. (2019). Women language features in recode world’s technology conference : A Sociolinguistic studies. 6(2), 186–196. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31849/elt-lectura.v6i2.3122

Rosanti, E. D., & Jaelani, A. (2009). The use of lexical hedges in spoken language by female and male students. 29–39. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.32832/english

Sartini, N. (2019). Compliment response strategy of Balinese women on social media. 338(Prasasti), 373–376. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-19.2019.64

Schilling-Estes, N., Trudgill, P., Cheshire, J., Cheshire, J., & Trudgill, P. (1998). The Sociolinguistics reader. Language. https://doi.org/10.2307/417748

Setyorini, L., & Indarti, Y. (2008). Conversational strategies in same-sex talk : An interview article of O’ The Oprah Magazine. University of Airlangga.

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. Oxford University Press.

Zaghlool, Z., & Yahia, H. (2020). Saudi women’s speech as a gender identity marker in mixed-gender informal interaction : A case study. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 34(1), 1–18.

Zunaidah, A., Sari, Y. K. P., & Kumalasari, R. D. (2020). Hedges, politeness Strategies, and power. Jurnal Riset Komunikasi, 3(1), 87–95. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.38194/jurkom.v3i1.107


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 130 times
PDF views : 184 times

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Deadora Rahma Muthia, Didin Nuruddin Hidayat, Alek Alek

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.