The Input of a Successful EFL Learner and the Mastery of Gen-Z Slangs

Endar Rachmawaty Linuwih(1*), Gabriella Kristina Handayani(2)
(1) Universitas Widya Kartika, Surabaya
(2) Universitas Widya Kartika, Surabaya
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.24256/ideas.v10i2.2977


Language changes and one of the concrete poofs is the existence of new slang words. Slang is an informal language that is widely used by a teenager. Slang words differ for each country; therefore, this study aims to know the input of a successful English learner from Indonesia and the knowledge of Gen Z's English slang. The research was conducted using qualitative data analysis as the method design in order to get a deeper understanding of the respondent and research topic. The result shows that the respondent was exposed to both formal and informal input. Out of 25 questions given about slang words, the respondent was able to define three slang words correctly. The possible reasons why the respondent did not do well in the slang words test are because (1) the English education in Indonesia does not focus on teaching slang words, (2) the people the respondent follows on social media are not from gen z, (3) the respondent does not spend much time on social media, or the topics/ contents are not using general slang words, (4) the sources of input of the respondent were not published recently, (5) offline game cannot connect people worldwide, (6) the respondent might have heard or read one or two slang words but did not search for its meaning. In conclusion, even though the respondent of this research was the best graduate of the English Department, the respondent did not know and follow nowadays English language very well.


EFL learner; gen z; language input; second language acquisition; slang


Blythe, Richard A., & Croft, William. (2021). How individuals change language. Plos One Vol 16, No 6.

Colley, H., Hodkinson, P., & Colley, J. (2003). Informality and Formality in Learning: A Report for the Learning Skills Research Centre. London: Learning and Skills Research Centre.

June 2022 at 07.00 pm]

Damanik, Bernieke Anggita Ristia. (2015). Code mixing on twitter user of teenager. Journal of English Teaching as a Foreign Language Vol. 1, No. 1, 30-44.

Erlinda, Rita. (2010). Linguistics for english language teaching: sounds, words and sentences.

June 2022 at 05.00 pm]

Gaidani, Shilpa., Arora, Lokesh., & Sharma, Bhuvanesh Kumar. (2019). Understanding the attitude if generation s towards workplace. International Journal of Management, Technology and Engineering Vol 1.

Holmes, J. (2008). An introduction to sociolinguistics. Harlow, England: Pearson Longman.

Indera, Wan Adzrie Indera Wan Adremy., & Ali, Al Amirul Eimer Ramdzan. (2021). The relationship between internet slang and english language learning. Journal of Arts & Social Sciences Vol 4, Issue 2, 1-6.

Kalén Anton., Rey, Ezequiel., Guerra, Alejandro Sal de Rellán., Lago-peñas, Carlos. (2019). Are Soccer Players Older Now Than Before? Aging Trends and Market Value in the Last Three Decades of the UEFA Champions League. Journal Frontiers in Psychology Vol. 10, No. 76.

Kawahara, Toshiaki (2003). Sekaino Eigowo Aruku (Exploring World Englishes). Asian Englishes, Vol. 6, 104–110.

Krashen, S. (1978). The Monitor Model for second language acquisition. In R. C. Gingras (ed.), Second Language Acquisition and Foreign Language Teaching (pp. 1 –26). Arlington, VA : Center for Applied Linguistics .

Latyshev, Mykola., Shandrygos, Victor., & Polianychko, Olena Mukolaivna. (2021). Age distribution of wrestlers participating in the world championships. Acta Kinesiologica 15 (2021) Issue. 1:138-143.

Li, Xiaojing. & Liu, Qinliang. (2020). Social media use, ehealth literacy, disease knowledge, and preventive behaviors in the covid-19 pandemic: cross-sectional study on chinese netizens. Journal of Medical Internet Research Vol. 22, No. 10

Lihawa, Kartin., Mukaji, Muziatun., Malingkas, Sri Rahayu., & Fatsah, Hasanuddin. (2021). Word formation process of gen z slang in callahan's generation z dictionary. Lingua : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Vol 17 No 1 (2021).

Napitu, Fera Ekawaty. & Suhardianto, Suahrdianto. (2020). An analysis of slang words abbreviation in american caption on instagram: a sociolinguistics approach. Scientia Journal : Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Vol. 2, No. 1.

Nugroho, Arif., Zamzami, M. Rizal Akbar., & Ukhrowiyah, Nur Farah. (2020). Language input, learning environment, and motivation of a successful EFL learner. Journal on English as a Foreign Language Vol. 10, No. 1., 45-67

Pei, Zhengqi., Sun, Zhewei., & and Xu, Yang. (2019). Slang Detection and Identification. Acl Anthology.

Sabrina, Adani Nur. (2021). Internet slang containing code-mixing of english and indonesian used by millennials on twitter. Kandai Volume 17, No. 2., 153-165

Tambunan, Diana Kristin. (2019). A description of slang words used by millennial generation on social media: Instagram.

June 2022 at 05.40 pm]

Rabiah, Siti. (2012). Language as a tool for communication and cultural reality discloser.

Rahmawati, Afifah. (2012). Word formation processes on slang words used by transsexual.

RahmtAllah, Enas Abdelwahab Eltom RahmtAllah. (2020). The familiarity of internet slang among efl female learners in saudi arabia. International Journal of English Language Education Vol. 8, No. 2.

Reinindra, Adhitya. (2020). Students’ attitudes towards south jakarta’s youth language.

Saiful., Abdullah, Hamid Ismail., & Bakri, Rina Asrini. (2019). The correlation between frequency of watching english movies and vocabulary mastery. Exposure: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris.

Saville-Troike, M. (2006). Introducing second language acquisition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Grady

Selviana, Turimin. (2021). An analysis of slang words used in “toy story 4” movie script.

Sitohang, Yudi Tamara. (2018). An analysis of slang words used of english department students of hkbp nommensen of medan.

Article Statistic

Abstract view : 147 times
PDF views : 181 times

How To Cite This :


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Endar Rachmawaty Linuwih, Gabriella Kristina Handayani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.