Dewi Furwana(1*), Andi Tenrisanna Syam(2)
(1) Institut Agama Islam Negeri Palopo
(2) Institut Agama Islam Negeri Palopo
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.24256/ideas.v7i1.722


The objective of the research was to find out whether estafet strategy is effective  to improve students’ writing skill on descriptive text of the eleventh year students’ of SMAN 4 Palopo.  This research usedquasi experimental.The population of this research was the eleventh grade students of SMAN 4 Palopo. The number of population was 50 students. The sample were class XI PS 1 consisted of 25 students as experimental group and class XI PS 2 consisted of 25 students as control class.The sampling technique in this research was purposive sampling. The instrument of the research was writing test. The writers gave pretest and posttest to the students.  The result showed that the students` mean score of posttest in experimental group was 90.44 and pretest was 65.96. The mean score of posttest was higher than the mean score of pretest (90.44>65.96). While the mean score of posttest in control class was 75.76 and the mean score of pretest was 60.52. The mean score of posttest was higher than the mean score of pretest (75.76>60.52). The result of statistical analysis the experimental group for level of significance 0.05 with degree of freedom (df) = 24; the probability value was smaller than α 0.00<0.5 and the result of statistical analysis the control class in which the probability value was lower than α .0.00>0.05. As a result, there was a significant difference in writing achievement between the students who are taught by using estafet strategy and those who are taught by non-using estafet strategy. Based on the result of this research, the writers concluded that estafet strategy upgrades the students’ writing.


Teaching Writing, Descriptive Text, Estafet Strategy


Alice, Oshima and Ann, Hogue, (1997). Introduction to Academic Writing. (Second edition. New York: Longman.

Brown, H. Douglas. (2007).Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. San Fransisco: Pearson Longman.

Cahyono, A. (2011).Pembelajaran Menulis Sastra dengan Metode Estafet Writing di SMA. Jakarta:

David, Nunan. (1989). Design Tasks For The Communicative Classroom. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Don Byrne, (1988). Teaching Writing Skills New Edition, (London and New York: Longman Publisher), P.1

Glass, Kathy Tchman (2005). Curriculum Design for Writing Instruction. California: Corwin Press.

Harmer, Jeremy (2007). How to teach English (new edition, England: Longman.

Harmer, Jeremy (2008). How to Teach Writing. England: Pearson Education Limited.

Heaton, J.B. (1998). Writing English Language Test, New York language p. 148

Mustika. (2013) The Ability of Writing Descriptive Text of the Tenth Grade Students of SMA N 2 Kudus in the Academic Year 2013/2014 Taught by Using Estafet Writing, (Undergraduate Thesis. Unpublished Kudus: Muria Kudus University). p. 22

Novia. Quasi Experimental Design and Methods. file:///C:/Users/NOVIA/Documents/New%20folder/Downloads/QuasiExperimental_Design_and_Methods_ENG.pdf. Accessed on 19th May 2018.

Nur, Muliani Wiwik (2007) Developing writing skill through descriptive composition at the first year students of SMU NEGERI 2 Palopo. Unpublished Thesis. Palopo: STAIN Palopo.

Oxford University Press (2003). Oxford learner’s Pocket Dictionary, New York p.482

Pincas. (1987). Teaching English Writing, Essential Language Teaching Series, London: The Macmillan Publisher, Ltd.

Syatariah, S, (2009). Menulis Berantai Sebagai Metode Inovatif, (Pekanbaru: CPI Rumbai) p.42

Suryabrata, Sumadi. (2012). Metodologi Penelitia. Jakarta: Jakarta Press.

Suviana, Nova Rinda. (2010) The Effect Of Teaching Writing Descriptive Text Using Estafet Writing at SMA Pekanbaru p.22

Tajuddin, Armanto. (2011). Improving Student Grammar Ability by Using Grammar Translation Method at the Tenth Year of SMAN 4 Palopo. Palopo: STAIN Palopo.

Thomson, A.J. and A. V. Martinet. (1986). A Practical English Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Article Statistic

Abstract view : 378 times
PDF views : 158 times

How To Cite This :


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Dewi Furwana, Andi Tenrisanna Syam

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.