THE ACQUISITION ORDER OF PAST TENSES: AN INTERLANGUAGE ANALYSIS

Muhammad Ahkam Arifin, Suryani Jihad, Sri Mulyani, Hardiani Ardin, Nurwahida Nurwahida

Abstract


This study aimed to investigate the hypothesis that there appears a systematic order of the acquisition of past tenses. It is claimed that irregular past tense verbs are acquired earlier than regular past tense verbs. In comparison to the acquisition of irregular and regular past verbs, the acquisition of the past copula be forms `was` and `were` is believed to take place much earlier. To test this hypothesis, the data were collected from forty-six students who were asked to write an essay with a minimum of 250 words to get data of the use of past tenses. The findings reveal partial support for the hypothesis, suggesting that the universal order of morpheme acquisition may not be a stable phenomenon.


Keywords


acquisition order, interlanguage analysis, natural order, past tenses

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ellis, N. C., & Ferreira–Junior, F. (2009). Construction learning as a function of frequency, frequency distribution, and function. Modern Language Journal, 93(3), 370-385.

Ellis, R. (1987). Interlanguage variability in narrative discourse: Style shifting in the use of the past tense. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 9(1), 1-19.

Goldschneider, J. M., & DeKeyser, R. M. (2001). Explaining the ‘‘Natural order of L2 morpheme acquisition’’ in English: A meta-analysis of multiple determinants. Language learning, 51(1), 1-50.

Jia, G., & Fuse, A. (2007). Acquisition of English grammatical morphology by native Mandarin-speaking children and adolescents: Age-related differences. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 50, 1280–1299.

Kuczaj II, S. A. (1977). The acquisition of regular and irregular past tense forms. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 16(5), 589-600.

Kwon, E.-Y. (2005). The "natural order" of morpheme acquisition: A historical survey and discussion of three putative determinants. Teachers College, Columbia University Working Papers in TESOL & Applied Linguistics, 5(1), 1-21.

Lightbown, P., & Spada, N. (2013). How languages are learned. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Luk, Z. P.‐s., & Shirai, Y. (2009). Is the acquisition order of grammatical morphemes impervious to L1 knowledge? Evidence from the acquisition of plural‐s, articles, and possessive’s. Language Learning, 59(4), 721-754.

Murakami, A., & Alexopoulou, T. (2016). L1 influence on the acquisition order of English grammatical morphemes: A learner corpus study. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 38(3), 365-401.

Ortega, L. (2009). Understanding second language acquisition. New York: Routledge.

Salaberry, M. R. (2000). The acquisition of English past tense in an instructional setting. System, 28, 135-152.

Saville-Troike, M. (2012). Introducing second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24256/ideas.v7i2.1030

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 23 times
PDF - 49 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats