COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES: WHAT INDONESIAN EFL LEARNERS DO IN CASUAL CONVERSATION?

Fadhila Yonata(1*), Dewi Amalia Saptani(2)
(1) STAIN Sultan Abdurrahman Kepulauan Riau, Indonesia
(2) SMA-IT As-Syifa Subang, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.24256/ideas.v7i2.1045

Abstract

In tackling casual conversation, most foreign language learners have problems in negotiating the intended meaning smoothly. One of the reasons is the lack of optimization of communication strategies to compensate communication breakdowns.  This study attempts to reveal Indonesian advance English learners actual competence in engaging in a casual conversation. The data were taken from two recorded conversations lasted for 15 minutes which were then transcribed and analyzed with respect to communication strategies by implementing spoken discourse analysis. The percentage of kind of communication strategies results suggest that filler is the most frequent strategy used by speakers, followed by repetition, appeal for help and self-repair. These findings show that the participants have enough linguistic resources but having problem in verbalizing their mental concept due to insufficient practice.

Keywords


Communication strategies, Casual Conversation, Advance English learner

References


Al Alawi, R. A. (2016). Communication strategies used by Oman EFL students. Pyrex journal of English and literature. 2 (1), 001-011. Retrieved from https://www.pyrexjournals.org/pjel/pdf/2016/january/rahma.pdf

Budiharto, R.A. & Amalia, L. (2019). Motivation Behind Indonesian Undergraduates Learning English As a Target Language. IDEAS: Journal of Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature. 7(1), 1-15. Retrieved from http://ejournal.iainpalopo.ac.id/index.php/ideas.

Cameron, Deborah. (2001). Working with Spoken Discourse. London: SAGE Pub.

Canale, M., & Swain, M. (1980). Theoretical bases of communicative approaches to second language teaching and testing. Applied Linguistics, 1(1), 1-47. https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/I.1.1

Celce-Murcia,M. (2008). Rethinking the Role of Communicative Competence in Language Teaching. In: Soler E.A., Jordà M.S. (eds) Intercultural Language Use and Language Learning. Dordrecht: Springer.

Chuanchaisit, S. & Prapphal, K. (2009). A study of English communication strategies of Thai university students. Manusya journal of humanities. Special issue No. 17, 101-126. Retrieved from http://www.manusya.journals.chula.ac.th/files/essay/Suttinee_p.100-126.pdf

Denzin, N. K. and Lincoln, Y. S. (1998). Collecting and Interpreting Qualitative Material. California: SAGE Publications inc

Dornyei, Z. (1995). On the teachability of communication strategies. TESOL Quarterly, 29, 55-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3587805

Dornyei, Z., & Kormos, J. (1998). Problem-solving mechanisms in L2 communication. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 20, 349-385.

Dornyei, Z., & Scott, M. L. (1997). Communication strategies in a second language: Definitions and taxonomies. Language learning, 47, 173-210.

Eggins, S. & Slade, D. (1997). Analyzing casual conversation. London: Cassell.

Ellis, R. (1994). The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Faerch, C., & Kasper, G. (1983). Strategies in interlanguage communication. New York: Longman.

Kaivanpanah, S., Yamouty, P., & Karami, H. (2012). Examining the effects of proficiency, gender, and task type on the use of communication strategies. Porta Linguarum, 17, 79-93.

Mei, A., & Nathalang, S. (2010). Use of communication strategies by Chinese EFL learners. Chinese Journal of Applied Linguistics, 33, 110-125.

Metcalfe, J., & Noom-Ura, S. (2013). Communication strategy use of high and low proficiency learners of English at a Thai university. LEARN Journal: Language Education and Acquisition

Omar, H. Embi, M. A. & Yunus, M. M. (2012). Learners’use of communication strategies in an online discussion via Facebook. Procedia – social and behavioral sciences 64 (2012). 535 -544.

Paribakht, T. (1986). On the pedagogical relevance of strategic competence. TESL Canada Journal, 3, 53-66.

Putri, A. L. (2013). Communication strategies in English as a second language (ESL) context. Advance in language and literary studies, 4(1), 129-133. Doi 10.7575/aiac.alls.v.4n.1p.129

Rastegar, M., & Gohari, S. S. M. (2016). Communication Strategies, Attitude, and Oral Output of EFL Learners: A Study of Relations. Open Journal of Modern Linguistics, 6, 401-419. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojml.2016.65036

Tarone, E. (2005). Speaking in a second language. In E. Hinkel (Ed.) Handbook of research in second language teaching and learning. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Tereshchuk, D. (2013). Aseesing students’ strategic competence in speaking English. Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, Ukraine.

Thornbury, Scott. (2005). Beyond sentence: introducing discourse analysis. Oxford: Macmillan Books for Teachers.

Uztosun, M. S., & Erten, İ. H. (2014). The impact of English proficiency on the use of communication strategies: An interaction-based study in Turkish EFL context. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 10(2), 169–182.

Yang, J. Y. (2006). How non-native speakers make do with words when doing things with words? An analysis of communication strategies in storytelling by Mandarin-speaking learners of English (Unpublished PhD thesis). Oxford Brookes University.


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 172 times
PDF views : 86 times

The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).

If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.

Fullscreen Fullscreen Off

Full Text: PDF

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature