Talking Sticks as a Technique to Stimulate the Students' Speaking Performance
Talking sticks is an alternative teaching technique to support students in developing their speaking performance. Holding the talking sticks empower the deep communication between people and allow opportunities to speak up during the classroom. Thus, the present study is to stimulate the students' speaking performance in EFL classroom by utilizing the talking sticks. It applied classroom action research which was conducted in four stages; planning, action, observation, and reflection. A total of 22 students is the subject of speaking tests, observation, and interviews. The results demonstrated a significant improvement of students' speaking performance which can be seen in the mean score result and the number of students passing the minimal standard score. The mean score gained 9.43 higher than in the pre-test and 77% of students passed the minimal standard score. Both of these criteria indicated that utilizing the talking stick can boost the students' speaking performance
Akbar. (2015). Anatomy of oral academic presentation skills:A course design for college students of English department. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.24256/ideas.v5i2.25.
Anuradha, RV, Raman, G, &Hemamalini, HC. (2014). Methods of Teaching English. Hyderabad:.
Brown, H. D. (2007). Principle of language learning and teaching.White Plains, NY: Pearson Longman.
Byrne, D. (2002). English Teaching Perspective. London: Longman Groups Ltd. Delucia-Waack, Janice L., et al. 2004. Handbook of Group Counseling and Psychotherapy. London: University Press.
Candler. L Talking Sticks Discussions: 2013 Teaching Resources, (Milken Education, 2013), p. 1 .
Celle-Murcia, M. (2001).Teaching English as a second language or foreign language (2nd ed.). New York: Newbury House.
Commission on the English curriculum. (2009).Newyork: Applicatiion.century. Crofts, INC.
Derakhshan, A., & Shirmohammadi, M. (2015). The difficulties of teaching the English language: The relationship between research and teaching. International Journal of Linguistics, 7(1), 102-110. http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ijl.v7i1.6648
Garret, J. T. (2002).The Cherokee Full Chircle: A Practical Guide to Ceremonies and Traditions. New York: Bear and Company Inc.
Heaton, J.B. (1988). Writing English Language Text. New York: Longman Inc.
Kagan, S. (2000). Cooperative Learning. California: Kagan Publishing.
Kemmis, S & Taggart, R.(1988). The Action Research reader. Melbourne, Victoria: Deakin University Press
Knockwood. (1992). One Space Learning Circle and Active Learning in English Communication Class.Retrieved on October 13rd, 2012 from http://www.terrydean.org/7
Kumari, AV. (2014). Methods of Teaching English. Guntur: New Era Publications.
Linda, S (2019). Designing english speaking materials using Task Based Language Teaching (TBLT) for Islamic Economics students. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.24256/ideas.v7i2.25.
Liu, M. H. (2006). Anxiety in Chinese EFL students at different proficiency levels. System, 34(1), 301-316.Neelkamal Publications.
Nunan, D. (2003). Practical English Language Teaching Teacher's Text Book. McGraw-Hill
Oradee, Th. (2012). Developing speaking skills using three communicative activities (discussion, problem-solving, and role- play). International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 2(6), 532- 533.
Seong. Y. (2017). Assessing L2 Academic Speaking Ability: The Need for a Scenario-based Assessment Approach, Columbia University Working Papers in Applied Linguistics & TESOL, Vol. 17 (2), p. 36
Singh, M.S. (2007). The Teaching of English, New Delhi: Adhayayan Distributors (pp.65-66)
Suprijono, A.(2015). Cooperative Learning: Teori & Aplikasi PAIKEM (Pembelajaran Aktif Inovatif Kreatif Efektif Menyenangkan). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, p. 128
Wardana, W.S. (2016). Paper Airplane and Talking Stick Learning Methods to Increase Students’ Understanding about Management Information System Courses, IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), Vol. 18 (9), p. 164
Article StatisticAbstract view : 12 times
PDF views : 4 times
The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).
If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.
Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.
How To Cite This :
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 St . Hartina
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.