Guritno Agung(1*)
(1) State Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Salatiga
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.24256/ideas.v5i1.155


Vocabulary is very fundamental aspect in language learning. Even, it becomes a key to master a language. The younger people learn the language, the faster they will master it. There are so many materials and media to gain vocabulary. One of them is by reading short story. In fact, it has many advantages when it applies as the media in language learning. This article conveys a study about how the use of short story to foster students vocabulary mastery in reading and how significant of short story as the media in language learning. This study uses the model of action research which involves thirty-eight students of MTsN 2 Mataram, West Nusa Tenggara as the subject of the research. It consists of three cycles, and each cycle has 4 meetings. The data are populated from tests (pre-test and post-tests). As the result, the use of short stories is able to increase the students psychological aspect and the classroom climate. The students are become more excited, enthusiastic, and active in the learning process. This then makes the classroom climate more alive, and it is finally able to foster their ability in vocabulary mastery in reading. Moreover, this study shows the significant improvement of the students vocabulary mastery. At the end of the cycle, the students have met at least the minimum score of 7.00 standard of minimum completeness in the four areas of spelling, pronunciation, meaning, and the use of the words.


reading, short story, vocabulary mastery


Burns, A. (1999). Collaborative Action Research For English Language Teacher. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chan, L. K. (2016). These are the most Powerful Language in The World. World Economy Forum

Collie, J., & Slater, S. (1987). Literature in The Language Classroom. London: Cambridge University Press.

Day, R, R., Omura, C., & Hiramatsu M. (1991). Incidental EFL Vocabulary Learning and Reading. Reading in A Foreign language. 7 (2).

Erkaya, O, Odilea. (2005). Benefits of Using Short Stories in the EFL Context. Asian EFL Journal. Volume 7. October. Retrieved from

Gall, M, D., Gall J, P., & Borg W, R. (2003). Educational Research An Introduction.Seventh Edition. Boston: Pearson Education Inc.

Gonzalez, N. I. P. (2010). Teaching English through stories: A meaningful and fun way for children to learn the language. Journal of Teachers Professional Development. Vol. 12, No.1. April.

Hiebert, E, H., & Kamil M, L. (2005). Teaching and Learning Vocabulary; Bringing Research to Practice. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publisher.

Lau, G. (2002). The Use of Literary Texts in Primary Level Language Teaching in Hong Kong.Hong Kong Teachers Centre Journal. Vol. 1, Spring. Retrieved from

McNiff, J., & Whitehead, J. (2006). All you need to know about Action Research. London. SAGE Publication Ltd.

Nation, P. (2005). Teaching Vocabulary.Asian EFL Journal. September. Volume 5, Issue 3.

Patel, M, F & Jain, P, M. (2008). English Language Teaching. Methods, Tools & Techniques. Jaipur: Sunrise Publishers & Distributors.

Pathan, M. M. (2012). Advantages of Using Short-Stories in ELT Classroom and the Libyan EFL Learners Perceptions towards them for Developing Reading Comprehension Skill. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ). Volume 4 Number 1.

Pigada, M., & Schmitt, N. (2006) Vocabulary Acquisition From Extensive Reading: A Case Study. Reading in a Foreign Language Journal. Volume 18, No. 1.

Sanchez, A, P., & Schmitt, N. (2010). Incidental vocabulary acquisition from an authentic novel: Do Things Fall Apart? Reading in a Foreign Language Journal. Volume 22, No. 1. April. Retrieved from /rfl/April2010/articles/pellicersanchez.pdf

Saricoban, Arif and Hulya Kucokoglu. (2011). Using Literature in EFL Classes: Short Story. 1st International Conference on Foreign Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics. Sarajevo.

Schmitt, N., and McCarthy, M. (1997). Vocabulary: Description, Acquisition and Pedagogy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Simons, G. F and Fennig, C. D. (2017). Ethnologue: Languages of The World. Twentieth Edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.

Tasneen, W. (2010). Literary Text in Language Classroom. Asian EFL Journal. Vol. 12, issue 4. Retrieved from /December-2010.pdf

Thornbury, S. (2003). Teaching vocabulary using short texts.Asian EFL Journal. Retrieved from

Ur, P. (1999). A Course in Language Teaching; Trainee Book. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Article Statistic

Abstract view : 161 times
PDF views : 455 times

How To Cite This :


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Guritno Agung

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.