Nature’s Involvement in Women’s Self-Completion: An Eco-feminist and Psychoanalytic Criticism on Selected Indonesian Folktales

Santa Maya Pramusita(1*), Antonius Wisnu Yoga Windharto(2)
(1) Pelita Harapan University
(2) Universitas Sanata Dharma, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.24256/ideas.v8i2.1683

Abstract

Human beings unavoidably have an innate need to conjugate with other living creatures such as plants and animals. This fundamentally indicates that human builds a sense of connection to nature, that even sometimes they involve nature as one of the symbols in their process of self-completion. They make use of nature in such a way to define themselves as if they possess competencies in accordance with the titles. This paper seeks to find out the depiction of nature in several Indonesian folktales and to disclose how women in those tales are naturally connected with nature and engage it in their self-completion process. Psychological and feminist eco-critical approaches are utilized to answer those problem formulations. Meanwhile, the reason why the researchers only analyze female characters is that they are told in the tales to have an intimate relationship with nature and become the representation of ‘Mother Earth’. The analysis results show that nature in the selected folktales is depicted as pretty chummy to oppressed women. They are so connected that even those women establish nature as their medium to reveal their self-concept as strong, consistent, and honest women

Keywords


Feminist ecocriticism; Psychoanalysis; Indonesian Folktales; Self-Completion

References


Atwater, E. (1995). Psychology of Living: Adjustment, Growth, and Behavior Today. New Delhi: Prentice Hall Pvt. Ltd.

Barry, P. (2009). Beginning Theory: An Introduction to Literature and Cultural Theory. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Bowins, B. (2004). Psychological Defense Mechanisms: A New Perspective. The American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 64(1), pp. 1-26.

Bruner, J.S. (1991). The Narrative Construction of Reality. Critical Inquirt 18(1), pp.1-21. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1343711.

Clark, T. (2010). The Cambridge Introduction to Literature and the Environment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dewi, N. (2016). Of People and Nature: Eco Education in Young Adult Literature from Asia, Proceeding of the 4th Literary Studies Conference 2016, 254-259

Finzer, E. (2005). Mother Earth, Earth Mother: Gabriela Mistral as an Early Ecofeminist,. Retrieved November 7th, 2020 from http://www.jstor.org/stable/24368285

Fitts, W.H. (1971). The Self Concept and Self Actualization (1 st ed). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.

Glotfelty, C. (1994). What is Ecocriticism?.Retrieved November 6th, 2020 from www.asle.org/wp-content/uploads/ASLE_Primer_DefiningEcocrit.pdf

Harmon-Jones, C., Schmeichel, B.J., & Harmon-Jones, E. (2009). Symbolic Self-completion in Academia: Evidence from Department Web Pages and Email Signature Files. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, pp. 311-316.

Mambrol, N. (2017). Ecocriticism: An Essay. Retrieved November 6th, 2020 from https://literariness.org/2016/11/27/ecocriticism/

Mawere, M., Mubaya, T.R., Reisen, M.V., Stam, G.V. n.d. (2019) Maslow’s Theory of Human Motivation and its Deep Roots in Individualism: Interrogating Maslow’s Applicability in Africa. RetrivedNovember 7th, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/302516151_Maslow's_Theory_of_Human_Motivation_and_its_Deep_Roots_in_Individualism_Interrogating_Maslow's_Applicability_in_Africa

McLeod, S. (2019). Defense Mechanism. Retrieved November 8th, 2020 from https://www.simplypsychology.org/defense-mechanisms.html#:~:text=Regression,when%20the%20person%20felt%20safer.

Morley, K. (2019). Symbolism of Stones and Meanings. Retrieved November 7th, 2020 from https://www.sunsigns.org/stones-meanings-symbolism/#:~:text=The%20symbolism%20of%20stones%20centers,%2C%20versatile%2C%20and%20easily%20accessible

Nassaji, H. (2015). Qualitative and Descriptive Research: Data Type Versus Data Analysis. Language Teaching Research, 19(2), pp. 129-132.

Putri, C.A. (2018). The Opression of Women Characters in Selected Indonesian Folklore. Paper presented at The 6th Literary Studies Conference: Re-imagining Difference and Extremism: Regional and Global Perspective, Yogyakarta, 11-12 October 2018, pp. 158-162.

Sandilands, C. (1997). Mother Earth, the Cyborg, and the Queer: Ecofeminism and (More) Questions of Identity. NWSA Journal 9.3, pp. 18–40.

Subanti, G. (2018). ‘Locating the Human and Environmental Conflict in the Mermaid Using the Perspective of Feminism and Ecocriticism’. Paper presented at The 6th Literary Studies Conference: Re-imagining Difference and Extremism: Regional and Global Perspective, Yogyakarta, 11-12 October 2018, pp. 158-162.

Taflinger, R.F. (1996). Taking advantage; The Sociological Basis of Greed. Retrieved November 5th, 2020 from https://public.wsu.edu/~taflinge/socgreed.html

Ulrich, R.S.(1993_, ‘Biophilia, biophobia, and natural landscapes’, in S.R. Kellert and E.O. Wilson (eds.), The Biophilia Hypothesis (Island Press, Washington DC), pp. 73–137.

The Royal Australian & New Zealand College of Psychiatrists. (2009). Self-Harm. Melbourne: Australia.

Wicklund, R.A. & Gollwitzer, P.M. (1981). Symbolic Self-Completion, Attempted Influence, and Self-Deprecation. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 2(2), pp. 89-114.

Wilson, E.O. (1984). Biophilia. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Yusuf, F., & Susilo, M. (2020). Existentialist Feminism of Woman’s Struggle in Cigarette Girl Novel. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 8(1). doi:https://doi.org/10.24256/ideas.v8i1.1275

Zein, L.F. & Setiawan, A.R. (2017). General Overview of Ecofeminism. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335441481_General_Overview_of_Ecofeminism


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 71 times
PDF views : 151 times

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Santa Maya Pramusita, Antonius Wisnu Yoga Windharto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.