Using “Engage, Study, Activate" (ESA) Method in Improving Students’ Vocabulary

Susi Astiantih(1*), Bimas Reskiawan(2)
(1) USN Kolaka
(2) USN Kolaka
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.24256/ideas.v10i2.2814



The researcher discovered that the second-grade students at SMPN 1 Watopute struggled with vocabulary mastering. The teacher reported that several words were not understood by the students during teaching-learning exercises. They were also unable to communicate in English, both orally and in writing, due to a lack of vocabulary competence. As a result, the researcher advised working with the instructor to fix the problem using the Engage, Study, Activate (ESA) strategy. The research topic was "How can the ESA (Engage, Stimulate, Action) strategy increase students' vocabulary acquisition in the second grade of SMPN2Ranteangin?" This was a classroom action research that included the following steps: basic research, planning, action, observing, analyzing, and reflecting in each cycle. The goal of this study is to help students enhance their vocabulary mastery. This study was divided into two rounds. The first cycle was a failure since only 60.8 percent of the students achieved the required score (75). After the second round, 86.9 percent of the students were able to pass the minimal score, indicating that the research was effective. Furthermore, the students demonstrated behavioral gains. They were more engaged in learning and ready to inquire and answer to the teacher. Consequently, the researcher decided to end the research.

Keywords: ESA method; improving; mastery; vocabulary.


ESA method; improving; mastery; vocabulary.



Alemi, M., & Tayebi, A. 2011. The Influence of Incidental and Intentional Vocabulary Acquisition and Vocabulary Strategy Use on Learning L2 Vocabularies. Journal of Language Teaching and Research. Vol.2: 81-98.

Alqahtani, M.2015. The Importance of Vocabulary in Language Learning and How to Be Taught. International Journal of Teaching and Education. Vol. 3: 21-34.

Arikunto,S.2008. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Karya.

Bromley, K. 2012. The Next Step in Vocabulary Instruction. NewYork: Scholastic Teaching Resources

Brown, H. Douglas. 2015. Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy (4thEdition). Australia: Pearson Ed. Publishing

Fauzi, Endang. 2010. Teaching English as a Foreign Language TEFL. Surakarta: Era Pustaka Utama.

Harmer, Jeremy. 2019. The Practice of English Language Teaching (6thEd). New York: Pearson Education Limited.

Hawken, J. 2010. An Evidence-based Toolkits for Effective Reading and Writing Teacher. Canadian Language and Literacy Research Network, Vol.12:34-42

Heidi. 2018. Improving Students’ Vocabulary Mastery by Using ESA Engage, Study, Activate Method for the Students of Eighth Grade at MTs Negeri02Pekanbaru. ELT- Lectura :Jurnal Pendidikan, Vol 5,No2.

Hiebert, E.H.(2020). The Core Vocabulary: The Foundation of Proficient Comprehension. The Reading Teacher, Vol. 6:757–768.

Kemmis, S., McTaggart, R. & Nixon. 2013. The Action Research Planner (3rdEdition). Waurn Ponds: Deakin University.

Norton, Bonny. 2013. Identity and Language Learning: Gender, Ethnicity and Educational Change. Harlow: Pearson Education.

Richard, Jack C&Willy A Renandya.2010.Methodology in Language. Teaching: An Anthology of Current Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Reply May Vikasari. 2019. The Effectiveness of Applying ESA Method Towards Students’ English Vocabulary Mastery. Journal of English Language Teaching, Vol. 2, No. 2.

Schmitt, N., & Schmitt, D. 2020. Vocabulary in Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Tekeng, St. Nurjannah Yunus. 2016. Increasing Students’ Vocabulary through Engage Study and Active Method at The Second Grade of SMP3 Lembang Pinrang Regency. UIN Alaudin Makassar English Education Department Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1.

Tomlinson, B. 2016. The Importance of Materials Development for Language Learning. Canada: Sense Publisher

Article Statistic

Abstract view : 67 times
PDF views : 13 times

How To Cite This :


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Susi Astiantih

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.