The Effect of Using Buzz Group and Talking Chips Technique on Students’ Speaking Ability at Senior High School

Erika Sinambela(1), Poster Sagala(2), Arsen Nahum Pasaribu(3*)
(1) Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Sumatera Utara
(2) Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Sumatera Utara
(3) Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Sumatera Utara
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.24256/ideas.v10i2.3055

Abstract

This study deals with the effect of using controlled Buzz Group technique and Talking Chips technique on students’ speaking ability. The objectives are to find out the effect of using Buzz Group technique and Talking Chips technique on students’ speaking ability and which technique is the most effective one. The method that was used in this research was quantitative through quasi-experimental research that incriminating three classes were experimental class 1, experimental class 2 and control class, in the experimental class the writer applied Buzz Group technique and Talking Chips technique while in controlled class applied without treatment. The population of this study was the eleventh-grade students of SMA Kristen Kalam Kudus Medan. The researcher used 75 students as the sample. The sample of this research was taken by using cluster sampling technique, 25 from XI-1 and 25 XI-2 as experimental class and 25 from XI-3 as controlled class. To obtain the data the researcher used speaking oral test. The instruments used to gather the data were students’ pre-test & post-test scores that were calculated and analyzed by using IBM SPSS 23.0. These tests consisted of two types, namely pre-test and post-test. The result of analyzing the data, the mean score for pre-test in experimental class one (Buzz Group technique) is 60.80 and the mean score for post-test is 79.60. The mean score for pre-test in experimental class two (Talking Chips technique) is 50.12 and the mean score for post-test is 74.24. The mean score for pre-test in control class is 66.76 and the mean score for post-test is 74.44. As the result of the ANOVA test, P= 0.00 < 0.05 or F count = 23.59 > F table = 2.28. It means that hypothesis alternative (Ha) was accepted while the null hypothesis (Ho) was rejected. In conclusion, the using of Talking Stick technique and Buzz Group technique is modestly effective on students’ speaking ability of asking and giving opinion of eleventh grade at SMA Kristen Kalam Kudus Medan academic year 2022/2023 and Talking Chips technique is more effective than Buzz Group technique in teaching speaking skill. Based on the explanation above, this research can be chosen as one alternative technique in teaching speaking.

Keywords


Buzz Group Technique; Speaking; Talking Chips Technique

References


Anderson, G. & Arsenault, N. (2005). Fundamentals of Educational Research. USA: Taylor & Francis e-Library.

Bakara, J., & Pasaribu, A. N. (2022). The Implementation of Cooperative Learning by Using a Jigsaw Technique in Speaking to the Grade XI Students of SMK Negeri 9 Medan. Jurnal Ilmiah Aquinas, 5 (1), 10-23. https://doi.org/10.54367/aquinas.v5i1.1552

Brown, H. D. (2004). Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices. White Plains Pearson Education, New York.

Ginting, G., Manik, S., Sinambela, E., & Pasaribu, A. N. (2021). The Effect of Using Snowball Throwing Method and SQ4R Method for Students’ Reading Comprehension Skill at SMA Negeri 1 Kuala Stabat. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 4 (4), 10990-10997

Harmer, J. (2001). The Practice of English Language Teaching. Third Edition. Cambridge: Longman.

Kagan, K. (1992). Using Talking Chips Technique. San Clemente, CA: Kagan Publishing.

Khadijah, K., & Pasaribu, A. N. (2022). The Effect of Reading Interest on Reading Coprehension of Grade XII High School Students of SMA Negeri 1 Brandan Barat. Jurnal Ilmiah Aquinas, 5 (1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.54367/aquinas.v5i1.1668

Kothari, C.R., (2004). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. 2nd Edition, New Age International Publishers, New Delhi.

Levy, P. S. and Lemeshow, S. (1999). Sampling of Population, Methods and Application. 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

Purba, P. B., Mawati, A. T., Juliana, J., Kuswandi, S., Hulu, I. L., Sitopu, J. W., Pasaribu, A. N., Yuniwati, I., & Masrul, M. (2021). Penelitian Tindakan Kelas. Medan: Yayasan Kita Menulis.

Richards, J. C., and Ted Rodgers. S. (2001). Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching, 2nd Ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Syafryadi, S. (2011). The use of talking chips technique in teaching speaking in one of senior high school in Bandung (Unpublished undergraduate thesis), Indonesia University of Education, Bandung.

Tampubolon, N. C., & Pasaribu, A. N. (2022). The Effect of Using Herringbone Technique (HT) and Numbered Head Together Technique (NHTT) for Elementary Students’Reading Comprehension Skill. IDEAS: Journal of Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 10 (1), 791 – 812. https://doi.org/10.24256/ideas.v10i1.2429

Zhang, S. (2009). The role of input, interaction, and output in the development of oral fluency. English Language Teaching, 2(4),91–100.


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 52 times
PDF views : 39 times

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Arsen Nahum Pasaribu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.