An Analysis of the Different Style between British and American Phonological System in the Sophomores' Speech Errors at Senior High School

Sumawar Pratiwi(1*), Sima Latta(2), Gabryela Aritonang(3), Rahmawati Rahmawati(4), Irma Khoirot Daulay(5)
(1) Universitas Prima Indonesia
(2) Universitas Prima Indonesia
(3) Universitas Prima Indonesia
(4) Universitas Prima Indonesia
(5) English Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education IAIN Kediri
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.24256/ideas.v10i2.3064

Abstract

This research aims to discover and analyze the problems of speech process between British and American phonological system faced by the students. It particularly examines the impact of language phonotactics on speech errors. Data were collected from random sample of sophomores in SMAN 1 Labuhan Deli using descriptive quantitative method. Data collection in techniques started from  recorded, rated, and analyzed. The researchers put the data analysis results grouped into two parts, the frist one is total production of speech errors, then the second id analysis of chosen words in British and American accent which systematically categorized based on IPA and other indicators. According to the results, students were fail to speech smoothly. The data of students’ speech errors showed that the highest and lowest percentage happened in correction (193 times (14%) and slip of tongue 110 times (8%), with the mode value 13%. While in phonological systems data samples, either British or American has ryhthm as the indicator with the lowest score. Based on the data, the researchers found the mode value is in score  4. It means that the speech errors indicator, correction, occured by the affect of different rhythm between British and American accent, but the mistake did not really disturb the meaning.

Keywords


American; British; indicators; phonological systems; speech errors;

References


Aldrete, J. Speech Errors and Phonological Patterns: Insights from Psycholinguistic and Linguistic Theory. Phonological Studies, 23, 77–20.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational Research. 4 th Edition. Toronto: Pearson.

Cutler, Anne. (2014). Phonemes and production. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. 29.30–32.

Fraenkle, J., Wallen, N., & Hyun, H. (2009). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Gay, R., Mills, E., & Airasian, P. (2012). Educational Research Competencies for Analysis and Application. Boston: Prentice Hall.

Nooteboom, S. G. (1969). The tongue slips into patterns. Leyden studies in linguistics and phonetics, ed. by A.J. van Essen & A.A. van Raad, 114–32.

Purba, C, N., (2018). The Pronunciation Problems of the English Department Students in the University of HKBP Nommensen. Journal of English Teaching as a Foreign Language, 4(1), 57-67.

Purnama, S., Farikah., Purwanto, B, K., Wardhani, S., Kholid, I., Huda, S., & Joemsittiprasert, W (2019). The Impact of Listening Phonological Errors on Speaking: A Case Study on English Education. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists, 7(4), 899-913. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17478/jegys.622005

Rahmawati, Previna, S., Sitohang, M, F., Siagian, M, M., & Bancin, N., (2019). An Error Analysis of English Voiceless Consonant [P], [T], [K] at SMA Swasta Dharma Pancasila Medan. Borneo of English Language Education, 1(2), 32-43.


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 68 times
PDF views : 49 times

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Sumawar - Pratiwi, Rahmawati - -

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.