Revealing Politeness Through Illocutionary Act Approach in World Health Organization Staff’s Responses at Corona Virus Press Briefing

Farah Larissa Aryanti(1*), Lina Purwaning Hartanti(2)
(1) Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(2) Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.24256/ideas.v9i1.1888

Abstract

This study revealed politeness through illocutionary acts theory in a corona virus press briefing held by WHO (World Health Organization). Taken from a video press briefing entitled  “Live from WHO Headquarters - COVID-19 daily press briefing on March 20th,  2020” uploaded in World Health Organization YouTube Channel, this study were (1) discovering how the illocutionary act and indirect speech act by Yule (1996) represented then (2) linked to the politeness and the universality of indirect speech acts by Brown, et. Al. (1987). The method used qualitative descriptive. This study contributed (1) theoretically to provide a sample of politeness through illocutionary act  and indirect speech act taken from a situation in press briefing and (2) practically to give an example of politeness that could be a reference of polite communication when a speaker utters and hopes an action were done by the hearer. The results were (1) politeness in communication could avoid conflict by using indirect speech acts; (2) using generalization and giving resolution without abusing at a certain situation could give politeness in utterances.

Keywords


Politeness; Illocutionary Act; World Health Organization; Response; Press Briefing

References


Understanding of the Material in the Language Learning Process. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 8(1), 93 - 104. doi:https://doi.org/10.24256/ideas.v8i1.1315

Austin, J. L. (2003). How To Do Things With Words. In How To Do Things With Words.

Bogdan, N. (2018). A Conceptual Approach on Press Conference. (October). https://doi.org/10.29358/sceco.v0i21.317

Brown, P., Levinson, S. C., Johnson, D. M., & Yang, A. W. (1987). Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage (Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics 4). TESOL Quarterly, 22(4), 660. https://doi.org/10.2307/3587263

Cumming, S., & Sharvit, Y. (2016). Faithfulness and de se. In Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy and Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-21395-8_22

Elliott, V. (2018). Thinking about the Coding Process in Qualitative Data Analysis. 23(11), 2850–2861.

Gill, J. H. (1979). Speech Act Phenomenology. In International Studies in Philosophy (Vol. 11). https://doi.org/10.5840/intstudphil19791121

Holland, M. (2016). How YouTube Developed into a Successful Platform for User-Generated Content. Elon Journal of Undergraduate Research in Communications, 7(1), 53–64. Retrieved from https://www.nordicom.gu.se/sv/system/tdf/kapitel-pdf/04_holland.pdf?file=1&type=node&id=39126&force=%0Ahttps://www.nordicom.gu.se/en/publikationer/young-creative

Huberman, M. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis. Retrieved from http://library1.nida.ac.th/termpaper6/sd/2554/19755.pdf

Live from WHO Headquarters - COVID-19 daily press briefing 20 March 2020 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6BOKgSCPD4E&t=2032s. Accessed on April 2020.

Rahardi, K. (2015). Menemukan Hakikat Konteks Pragmatik. Prosiding Prasasti. https://doi.org/10.20961/PRAS.V0I0.63.G47

Robinson, P. (2015). The Policy-Media Interaction Model : Measuring Media Power during Humanitarian Crisis. (September 2000). https://doi.org/10.1177/0022343300037005006

Rosyidi, A. Z., Mahyuni, M., & Muhaimi, M. (2019). Illocutionary Speech Acts Use by Jokowidodo in First Indonesia Presidential Election Debate 2019. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 6(2), 735. https://doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v6i2.760

Saragih, I. I., Rahayu, I., & Azizah, N. (2019). A Pragmatic Analysis of Positive Politeness Strategies on Ted Talk Video By Eddy Zhong. ELLITE, Journal of Education, Linguistics, Literature and Language Teaching, 1–15.

Searle, J. R. (1969). A formal theory of speech acts. In Linguistics and Philosophy. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00603220

Searle, J. R. (1979). Studies in the Theory of Speech Acts. In Philosophy. https://doi.org/10.1213/01.ane.0000250225.96165.4b

Skjott Linneberg, M., & Korsgaard, S. (2019). Coding qualitative data: a synthesis guiding the novice. Qualitative Research Journal, 19(3), 259–270. https://doi.org/10.1108/QRJ-12-2018-0012

Tutuarima, Z., Nuraeningsih, N., & Rusiana, R. (2018). An Analysis of Speech Act Used in London Has Fallen Movie. Vision: Journal for Language and Foreign Language Learning, 7(2), 122. https://doi.org/10.21580/vjv7i23022

Yadav, M. K. (2017). Structure and Functions of the World Health Organization. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 22(9), 15–41. https://doi.org/10.9790/0837-2209011541

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. In Pragmatics. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315760483-11


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 32 times
PDF views : 59 times

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Farah Larissa Aryanti

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.