WACANA MODERNISASI DALAM TANTANGAN PERADABAN, PERAN PEREMPUAN SEBAGAI TONGGAK SEJARAH ARAB SAUDI

Anis Rosida

Abstract


New hope is being harvested in the Middle East especially the region of Saudi Arabia, the axis of religious civilization, the history and the crossroad of East and West. A taboo region of the term 'Modern' or even reject the extremes of change. At the moment, since the vision of 2030 is proclaimed as the goal of the absolute state it becomes softened. The Saudi Arabian government is trying to divert its attention so far from oil to a more profitable sector. This process will take a lot of effort in terms of political, religious, cultural, social and economic of course. In this study we can ask how the concept of modernization would be brought by Saudi Arabia and its scope, how are these challenges of change occurring and especially in the context of women as milestone to change?,this research take a field study with data sources of factual issues of social media such as newspapers and research results that using data analysis methods about theory of feminism and these results proved that this modernization effort is continuing in this region to attract the negative issues that have so far been the label of the ultra-conservative region and certainly to maintain that power. The most effective thing is to use the issue of women and gender as a milestone until modernization's discourse could be realized.


Keywords


Modernization, Civilization CChallenges; Involving Women and Gender Issues; Feminism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Albassam, B. A. 2011. Political Reform in Saudi Arabia: Necessity or Luxury?. Middle East Studies Online Journal, Vol. 3, No. 6.

Alhussein, Eman. Juli 2004. Triangle of Change: The Situation of Women in Saudi Arabia. NOREF Expert Analysis.

Al-Rasheed, Madawi. 2012. The Meaning of Right For Women, The World Today, Vol. 68 No.2 February and March.

Berger, Johannes.1996. Was bedeutet die Modernisierungstheorie wirklichund was wird ihr blob unterstellt?. Leviathan.

Boukhars, Anoar. 2005. Crisis of Legitimacy in Saudi Arabia. Nevada: Presented at International Studies Asssociation, 10-11 Oktober.

Bokhari, Kamran. 2017. In Saudi Arabia, Expanding Rights and Growing Risks, Reality Check, geopoloticalfutures.com 3 Oktober 2017, diakses 19 Februari 2018.

Hamdan, A. 2005, Women and Education in Saudi Arabia: Challenges and Achievement, (International and Education Journal, 6 (1).

Inlehart, R. and P Norris.2004. Rising tide: Gender and Cultural Change around the World. Cambridge University Press.

Jackson, R .M. 1998. Destined for Equality: Inevitable Rise of Womens Status. Harvard University Press.

Kinninmont, Jane. Juli 2017. Vision 2030 and Saudi Arabias Social Contract: Austerity and Transformation. Research Paper.

Lerner, Daniel. 1983. Memudarnya Masyarakat Tradisional (Terjemahan).Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.

Moghadam, Valentine M. 2003. Modernizing Women: Gender and Social Change in The Middle East, Second Edition. US: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Mojab, Shahrzad dan Shirin J A Shukri. 2000. Social Changes and Women in The Middle East: State Policy, Education, Economics, and Development, (The University of Chicago Press Journals: Comparative Education Review, Vol 44, No 3.

Report of The Special Rapporteur on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights on his mission to Saudi Arabia, 6-23 June 2017. Thirty Fifth Session Human Right Council, Agenda Item 3. Promotion and Protection of All Human Rights, Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Including The Right to development.

Sdralevich, Carlo and others. 2014. Subsidy Reform in The Middle East and North Africa: Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead. Washington DC: IMF.

Tiryakian, Edward A. tt. Neo-Modernisierung: Lehren fiir die und aus der postsozialistischen Transformation.

Umar,Nasaruddin. 2001. Argumen Kesetaraan Gender Perspektif al-Quran, Cet II .Jakarta:Paramadina.

WHO Promoting. 2010. Gender Equality: Method, Measurement and Implications. Ashgate Publishing Limited.

Yamani, M. tt . Some Observations on Women in Saudi Arabia. In M Yamani (ed). Feminism and Islam: Legal and Literary Perspectives. New York: New York University Press.

Younos, F. 2011. Gender Equality in Islam. Library of Congress.

Zapf, Wolfgang. 2004. Modernization Theory - and the non-western world. Econstor: WZB Discussion Paper, No. P 2004-003.

Zulifa,Muhammad . Visi Saudi 2030, Transformasi Menuju Era Kerajaan Modern. Journal 2 Mei 2016. Selasar.com.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24256/pal.v3i1.195

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 92 times
PDF - 134 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright CC-BY- SA.

Creative Commons License

Palita: Journal of Social Religion Research, p-ISSN: 2527-3744 and e-ISSN: 2527-3752

View My Stats