Madehang Madehang


Collaborative learning is an umbrella term for a variety of educational approaches involving joint intellectual effort by students, or students and teachers together. Usually, students are working in groups of two or more, mutually searching for understanding, solutions, or meanings, or creating a product. Collaborative learning activities vary widely, but most center on students’ exploration or application of the course material, not simply the teacher’s presentation or explication of it. Collaborative learning represents a significant shift away from the typical teacher centered or lecture-centered milieu in college classrooms. The writing descriptive text can be easy by using collaborative learning since the share and peer feedback during the learning writing process.

Full Text:



David Nunan, Practical English Language Teaching, (International Editor, USA), p. 88.

Deutsch, M. “A Theory of Cooperation and Competition.” Human Relations, 2. Eble, K. The Craft of Teaching. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1976.

Gate Edinburgh & Harlow Exess, Handy Learners Dictionary, (Second Edition; Longman: Pearson Education Limited, 2001), p. 296.

George E. Wishon, Julia M. Burks,Let’s Write English (New York,1980),p.379.

H. G. Widdowson, Teaching Language as Communication, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005), p. 61.

J. B. Heaton, Writing English Language Test, (New York: Longman, 1988), p. 146.

Jonathan Clenton, Academic Writing Towards and Integrated Approach(http://www.sussex.ac.uk/languagedocument)

Karen Blanchard and Christine Root, Get Ready to Write: A First Composition Text, (Second Edition; New York: Longman, 1951), p. 7.

Karen Blanchard and Cristine Root, Get Ready to Write: An Beginning Writing Text, (Second Edition; New York: Longman), p. 3.

Leo Ruth, Why Autobiography (http://www.yale.edu./../88.03.11.X.html.), p.2.

Leo Sutanto, dkk., Essay Writing English for Academic Purpose, (Ed. 1st; Yogyakarta: CV. Andi Offset, 2007), p. 149.

Martin Manser H., Oxford Learners Pocket Dictionary, (New Edition; New York: Oxford University Press, 1995), p. 480.

Martin Manser, Oxford Learner’s Pocket Dictionary, (Fifth Edition; Fifth Publishing; New York: Oxford University Pres, 1991), p. 298.

Penny Ur, A Course Language Teaching, (Australia: Cambridge University Press, 1996), p. 162.

Pradiyono, 12 Writing Clues for Better Writing Competence, (Second Edition; Yogyakarta: CV. Andi Offset, 2006), p. 192.

Roslyin Petelin and Marsha Durham, The Professional Writing Guide: Writing Well and Knowing Why, (Second Edition; Australia: Longman Professional, 1994), p. 87.

Scott Walters, Basic Paragraph Structure, (Online).2000.(http://www.paragraph.com/)April4th,2008)p.1-4

Times Chambers Learners Dictionary (An Intermediate Dictionary for Learners of English), First Publishing, (Singapore: Federal Publication Chambers), p. 367.

Wikipedia the free Encyclopedia, Deductive and Inductive ParagraphOrganization .(http://www.englishsofware.org/articles/write-better-english/deductive-inductive-paragraph-organization/) Online 2nd January 2010.

Flag Counter