Analysis of Thematic Books for Elementary School Students 2013 Curriculum in Gender Perspective

Sitti Jauhari, Sulfasyah Sulfasyah, Haslinda Haslinda

Abstract


The patriarchal view that has taken root in society is difficult to remove. Gender bias still occurs in various forms and situations, even though it is not realized. This study aims to determine the gender representation and bias in the thematic books of fourth graders of elementary school curriculum 2013 through quantitative descriptive content analysis. This study analyzes the frequency of representation and gender bias in fourth-grade thematic books. The sample in this study was the thematic book for fourth-grade students in the 2013 curriculum, theme 1 to theme 5. The data analysis technique in this study refers to the content analysis scheme according to Kripendorf with stages (1) unitizing (data collection); (2) sampling (sampling); (3) recording (recording/recording); (4) reducing (data reduction); (5) inferring (concluding); (6) narrating (narrative). The analysis results show that (1) gender representation in the fourth-grade thematic books is dominant to boys; (2) there is a gender bias in students' thematic books, which include gender bias on work roles, character values, social status, and hobbies.


Keywords


gender bias; thematic books; gender representation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asfar, I. T., & Taufan, I. (2019). Analisis Naratif, Analisis Konten, Dan Analisis Semiotik (Penelitian Kualitatif). no. January, 1-13.

Bahrani, M. R. (2018). Analisis Buku Pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam dan Budi Pekerti untuk SMP Perspektif Gender (Doctoral dissertation, Pascasarjana UIN Antasari Banjarmasin).

Cooper, D., & Higgins, S. (2015). The effectiveness of online instructional videos in the acquisition and demonstration of cognitive, affective and psychomotor rehabilitation skills. British journal of educational technology, 46(4), 768-779.

Fathurrohman, M. (2017). Belajar dan Pembelajaran Modern: Konsep Dasar, Inovasi dan Teori Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Garudhawaca.

Glenn, E. N. (2016). Social constructions of mothering: A thematic overview. Mothering, 1-29.

Hidayat, Rahmat. (2011). Pengantar Sosiologi Kurikulum. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Instruksi Presiden Nomor 9 Tahun 2000 Tentang Pengaurusutamaan Gender dalam Pembangunan Nasional

Islam, K. M. M., & Asadullah, M. N. (2018). Gender stereotypes and education: A comparative Content Analysis of Malaysian, Indonesian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi School Textbooks. PloS one, 13(1), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190807

Khusen, M. (2014). Bias Gender Dalam Buku Pelajaran Bahasa Arab untuk Tingkat Madrasah Tsanawiyah Karya Darsono dan T. Ibrahim (Doctoral dissertation, IAIN Purwokerto).

Kulm, T. L., & Cramer, S. (2006). The relationship of student employment to student role, family relationships, social interactions and persistence. College Student Journal, 40(4).

Lasaiba, D. (2016). Gender Relation dalam Buku Ajar Bahasa Inggris Sekolah Dasar. al-Iltizam: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, 1(2), 112-127.

Martono, Nanang. (2013). Kekerasan Simbolik di Sekolah Sebuah Ide Sosiologi Pendidikan Pierre Bourdieu. Jakarta : PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Mi'rotin, S., & Cholil, M. (2020). Analisis Bias Gender Pada Soal Ujian Bahasa Arab di Madrasah Tsanawiyah. An Nabighoh, 22(02), 191-210. https://doi.org/10.18860/mad.v12i1.7744.

Risman, B. J. (2018). Gender as a social structure. In Handbook of the Sociology of Gender (pp. 19-43). Springer, Cham.

Soelistyarini, Titien Diah. 2013. Representasi Gender dalam Cerita-Cerita Karya Penulis Anak Indonesia Seri KKPK. Jurnal Ilmu Humaniora. Vol. 14. No. 2.

Taufik, F. R. (2020). Analisis Gender Terhadap Ilustrasi Teks Dan Ilustrasi Gambar Dalam Buku Pelajaran Bidang Studi Akidah Akhlak MTS Kelas IX Penerbit Kementerian Agama Tahun 2016 (Tidak Diterbitkan). Surabaya: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel.

Thoriquttyas, T. (2018). Citra Perempuan di Lembaran Buku Pendidikan Islam: Analisis Gender Pada Gambar Ilustrasinya. MUWAZAH: Jurnal Kajian Gender, 10(1), 1-12.

Wijoyo, H. (Ed.). (2021). Strategi Pembelajaran. Solok: Insan Cendekia Mandiri

Wu, H. dan W.Liu. (2015). Gender Representation in Primary English Textbooks in Mainland China 1978 to 2003. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. Vol. 5. No. 6.

Zen, Satia (2022). Kesetaraan Gender dalam Pendidikan. Retrieved April 10, 2022 from https://mediaindonesia.com/opini/476069/kesetaraan-gender-dalam-pendidikan

Zulmi, B. N. (2017). Bias Gender dalam Buku Tematik Siswa Kurikulum 2013 (Studi Semiotika Ketidaksetaraan Gender dalam Pendidikan) (Doctoral dissertation, State University of Surabaya).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24256/pijies.v5i2.2653

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 9 times
PDF - 13 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Sitti Jauhari, Sulfasyah, and Haslinda

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
©Pedagogik Journal of Islamic Elementary School.
This is an open access article under the Creative Commons - Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Pedagogik Journal of Islamic Elementary School Published by Department of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Teacher Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, IAIN Palopo In Collaboration with Perkumpulan Dosen Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah (PD PGMI) Indonesia.

Editorial Office:
Tarbiyah Building, 1st Floor, Department of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Teacher Education, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, IAIN Palopo.  Jl. Agatis I Balandai, Palopo City, South Sulawesi, Indonesia 91914, Email: jurnal_pijies@iainpalopo.ac.id